Common deployment information

Even if different deployment techniques are really different, all of them have two essential things in common: server security and application configuration.

Server security considerations

In a perfect world, you wouldn’t need to worry about securing your servers, because no one would attempt to break them. Unfortunately, we don’t live in that world, so you need to protect your server from the ones who love breaking others’ things.

  • You need to have experience in servers management. Servers aren’t easy to configure (especially if you want to do it in a secure way) and maintain: be sure to know how to do that before diving into servers management. It’s the wild west out there.
  • Never run anything from root. Even if (hopefully) there are no security vulnerabilities in botogram, it’s always better to run any service from another user. This way if a service is compromised the attacker won’t be able to do too much damage on your system.
  • Keeping services separated is a good idea. In order to restrict even more what an hypothetical attacker can do, you can create a separate user for each service you have on your server. This way an attacker can’t even compromise other applications.
  • Restrict what services can do. Allowing a bot to SSH other servers isn’t a good idea, right? botogram by default only needs to communicate to with HTTPS. You can block everything else your bot doesn’t use.

Running multiple bots in the same process

A botogram runner uses system resources, even if the bot is doing nothing. With only one bot this isn’t a problem, but if you have a lot of small bots with low traffic (for example bots only for a single group chat) this might become annoying.

The solution is to run multiple bots in a single runner, since adding bots to a runner is way more inexpensive than creating a runner per bot. Be warned that if you add too many bots to a single runner, the workers might not be able to keep up with the incoming requests.

In order to make this happen, you need to have each bot in an importable Python file, and then create a file which calls with the bots’ instances. For example, if you have two bots in and, and the bot instance in all of them is called bot, you can use this script to run both of them in a single runner:

import botogram
from mybot1 import bot as bot1
from mybot2 import bot as bot2

if __name__ == "__main__":,